PAYG, private pensions, financial literacy, old-age income, risk diversification, transition economics


Current demographic dynamics driven by low fertility and increasing longevity requires adjustments of the traditional frameworks of providing pensions. In this article we highlight three crucial issues policymakers should address by implementing those adjustments. First, fiscal limitations given the current and projected demographic dynamics will dramatically reduce PAYG pensions. Without sufficient savings during the active period, individuals will increasingly end up in poverty. Their savings will not be enough to support their desired consumption in old age. Second, we highlight the impact of the asset allocation decision and the general public’s related lack of awareness on this issue. Therefore, we argue that financial illiteracy about both required savings and about decisions on appropriate asset class play a significant role in determining the well-being of masses in the not-so-distant future. Third, we argue that shift towards private pension away from the PAYG is expected to come with substantial benefits stemming from diversification among conceptually different sources of pension income.