waterfront, neoliberal city, post-industrial city, flagship projects, Poland


A natural problem of post-industrial cities, which results from economic change, is their heritage in the form of degraded and unused post-industrial areas. They are often situated in central districts. Thus, it is obvious that local authorities consider them important, and prioritize them in spatial development. The very special and significant areas of coastal cities are waterfronts that have experienced, and are still experiencing, transformations, which constitute indelible elements of development. This paper is an attempt to evaluate the directions of waterfronts’ developments in Poland; taking into account the fact that while on the one hand, Polish cities are struggling with the socialist legacy, on the other hand, they are under pressure from the neoliberal development paradigm.